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BPH - An Enlarged Prostate, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

BPH - What you need to know

BPH, or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, is commonly called "enlarged prostate" for short. BPH affects an estimated 14 million men today.

In this article, learn what you need to know about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention of BPH.

Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The symptoms of BPH can be annoying at the mild end and disruptive to quality of life at the extreme end. Here are the most commonly reported symptoms:

- Nocturia, or frequent need to urinate during the night. - Urinary incontinence. - Inability to urinate (retention) or to sustain a steady stream. - Pain during or after intimacy. - Frequency and urgency of urination. - Dribbling or weak urine stream. - Urine that is odorous or strangely colored.

Diagnosis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Diagnosis of BPH is often prompted by the appearance of symptoms as listed here. Interestingly, the amount of enlargement to the prostate gland does not always positively correlate to the severity of symptoms. In other words, a patient can have a slightly enlarged prostate along with many symptoms or a severely enlarged prostate with few symptoms and any variation thereof along the spectrum.

Typically, a physician will follow three steps to obtain an accurate diagnosis of BPH:
- First, a full medical history (personal and family) will be taken. Special attention will be paid to any family members who have also been diagnosed with BPH. - Second, the physician will do a full physical exam, including abdominal palpation, a digital rectal exam to feel for the prostate gland, a urine specimen and tapping on areas of the body where lymph glands or other areas may be tender or swollen. - Third, the physician typically orders tests, including a prostate antigen blood test (PSA), a urinalysis, a series of urodynamic tests to measure bladder and urethra function, a cystoscopy to look into the bladder and urethra, a transrectal ultrasound to look more closely at the prostate and finally, if needed, a biopsy of the prostate itself.

Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Once a firm diagnosis of BPH has been obtained, there are a number of treatment options that can be used depending on the severity of the enlargement, the severity of the symptoms and the results of the diagnostic tests.


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Treatment options include medications, minimally invasive prostate reduction procedures, prostate reduction surgery and certain types of lifestyle adjustments. These can include not taking in excess liquids before leaving home or going to sleep for the night, reducing caffeine/alcohol intake, strengthening the muscles of the pelvic floor, taking care with use of over-the-counter medicines that may exacerbate symptoms and ensuring regularity (i.e. preventing constipation).

Prevention of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

There is currently no known way to prevent BPH. For most men, gradual enlargement of the prostate is part of the natural aging process. It is thought there may be some relation to testicular function but at this time researchers don't know what that link might be.


About the Author: Mark Delano is the Managing Editor and handles all day to day operations for HealthyMale.com. He is a personal fitness trainer, nutritionist and avid mountain biker who also enjoys exploring the trails of Arizona. Besides his everyday duties at HealthyMale, Mark is also a guest columnist for several blogs related to men's health.

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